Technology and business writers from The Times participated in the New Work Summit last week in Half Moon Bay, Calif., which featured some of the top tech minds in the country. Over a day and a half, they engaged in spirited conversations about the relationship between artificial intelligence and human beings — and how or whether the creators of A.I. should be held to ethical standards. Here are the takeaways from David Gelles, of the Times’s Corner Office, and the technology writers Nellie Bowles and Cade Metz.
MR. METZ I don’t know about you, David and Nellie, but what struck me were the vast differences of opinion swirling around the notion of “ethical artificial intelligence.” Ethics are very much in the eye of the beholder.
MS. BOWLES They are. My panel with the ethicist Tristan Harris and A.I. researcher Meredith Whittaker dove into some of the complexities for companies like Google and Facebook trying to establish ethical guidelines for what they’re rolling out. In some ways it’s unfair to ask an engineer to also be a philosopher. And even if a company hopes that the engineers think about implications, those workers (mostly white, mostly male, mostly in office parks around Palo Alto) cannot possibly conceive of how many lives the algorithms will impact and how. So my panelists argued in favor of transparency. As artificial intelligence is being developed, companies should open up for researchers and the public to grok it and start having these debates. And, in terms of that morning, there’s nothing better than philosophy by candlelight.
MR. GELLES Ah yes, the lack of electricity. The power was out, the live stream was down and the stage was lit with candles. It was a good look for a tech conference. But yes, ethics seemed, well — relative. Speakers like Mr. Harris and Ms. Whittaker spoke passionately about the need for companies to respect users’ privacy, while former Secretary of Defense Ash Carter made a compelling argument that launching a Tomahawk missile was not so different than dispatching a swarm of autonomous killer drones.
MR. METZ You can see this same split inside the big tech companies. It was recently revealed that Microsoft employees have protested the company’s decision to supply HoloLens augmented reality headsets to the military, but Brad Smith, who you interviewed on stage, strongly defended this and other military projects. For him, this is about “defending the freedoms of our country.”
MR. GELLES It’s refreshing to see a big company stand up to its employees for once. For so much of the last few years, it has seemed like activist employees — often a small but vocal minority — have been dictating the policies of big companies. Microsoft seems to have remembered that its employees work for the company, and not the other way around.
MR. METZ After Google shut down some of its military work in response to employee protests, many saw this as the beginning of something larger. But you do wonder how much of that was driven by Google’s unique corporate culture, where there is open communication across the company and employees are, on some level, encouraged to voice their personal opinions.
MS. BOWLES Exactly. Google is extremely unique, and I’m curious how long management will tolerate its rebellious work force. Facebook, for example, operates as an almost cult of secrecy and loyalty, so you don’t see similar high-profile protests in Menlo Park.
MR. GELLES Cade, what’s your take on how impactful some of these technologies really are right now? I heard some examples of A.I. and machine learning being put to work in specific ways. But at times, it felt like everyone was still speculating about a science fiction film.
MR. METZ This is an ongoing problem. There have been very real and very significant gains in image recognition, speech recognition and language translation over the last several years. That can help with talking digital assistants, driverless cars and certain aspects of health care — not to mention face recognition services and autonomous weapons. But so many tech executives — and the press — talk about “A.I.” in a weirdly exaggerated way. Driverless cars are still years from the mainstream. Better translation is very different from a more general intelligence that can do anything a human can do.
MR. GELLES Nellie, you spoke with Meredith Whittaker and Tristan Harris, two cautionary voices in tech today. Do you get the sense that the people really making decisions at companies like Facebook and Google are really listening to them, or merely pretending to care about the issues they’re raising?
MS. BOWLES I would ask what exactly it means to care. Do they as people want an A.I. apocalypse in which we are all house cats for computers? Of course not. But are they for-profit companies that want to win this new arms race? Yes. They seem to respond mostly to public opprobrium, making major ethical changes after whistle-blowers or big investigations come out. YouTube knows how troubling its YouTube Kids product is, yet it has been running for years. Only after the public complains enough will they take filtering seriously or take the product off the market.
MR. GELLES Another through line in conversations during the week was the degree to which A.I. and automation could decimate thousands (millions?) of jobs. The consensus seems to be that enormous workplace displacement is imminent. There’s less consensus about what to do about it. Nellie, what do our all-powerful Silicon Valley overlords say about all this? Are we all just going to live off a Universal Basic Income that supports our indulgent Amazon Prime habits?
MS. BOWLES I feel like I’m the bearer of bad news in this chat, but guys, the overlords are pretty sure that soon most people won’t be very useful. I recently profiled the Silicon Valley C.E.O.’s favorite philosopher, Yuval Noah Harari, and this is his argument. He hopes the futuristic vision he paints will be a call to arms, but most here are resigned to what they see as coming. But yes, that’s why they like UBI. It seems like a nice enough fix to stave off revolution.
MR. GELLES Did we mention that the fire alarm went off? When the power finally came back on at the end of the day, I was about to walk onstage for one of the final sessions. But then lights started flashing, alarms started blaring and everyone had to evacuate the ballroom. Is that a metaphor for something? Could an A.I.-powered hotel have fixed that? Or was it just time to go home?
MS. BOWLES The building A.I. knew you were about to go on stage, Gelles.
MR. METZ Either that, or the building A.I. isn’t nearly as intelligent as people make it out to be.B:
【当】【陈】【康】【走】【进】【这】【万】【事】【通】【侦】【探】【所】【的】【时】【候】，【第】【一】【眼】【看】【上】【去】【就】【是】【杂】【乱】【无】【章】。 【万】【事】【通】【侦】【探】【所】【之】【内】【到】【处】【都】【是】【一】【片】【的】【狼】【藉】，【各】【种】【各】【样】【的】【灯】【柜】【子】【被】【打】【开】，【里】【面】【的】【文】【件】【都】【散】【落】【到】【了】【一】【地】，【甚】【至】【就】【连】【一】【些】【其】【他】【的】【东】【西】【都】【被】【砸】【到】【了】【地】【上】 【很】【显】【然】【像】【是】【被】【狂】【风】【暴】【雨】【一】【般】【进】【行】【过】【大】【清】【理】。 “【这】【万】【事】【通】【侦】【探】【事】【务】【所】【还】【真】【的】【是】【一】【片】【的】【狼】【藉】，【看】【来】
【然】【而】【还】【没】【等】【他】【真】【正】【出】【手】，【便】【从】【对】【面】【那】【个】【古】【怪】【的】【圆】【形】【飞】【舟】【上】【飞】【来】【几】【个】【小】【球】。 【说】【小】【球】【可】【能】【不】【太】【合】【适】，【因】【为】【每】【一】【个】【都】【有】【脑】【袋】【般】【大】【小】。 【安】【颂】【岂】【会】【将】【这】【些】【东】【西】【放】【在】【眼】【里】，【任】【他】【飞】【至】【近】【前】。 【四】【个】【小】【球】【迅】【速】【将】【他】【围】【绕】，【最】【后】【以】【他】【为】【圆】【心】，【一】【拥】【而】【上】。 【安】【颂】【不】【禁】【皱】【了】【皱】【眉】，【袍】【袖】【一】【挥】，【便】【要】【将】【它】【们】【震】【碎】。 【可】【就】【在】【这】【时】
【她】【并】【没】【有】【想】【到】【的】【夜】【斯】【络】【这】【么】【快】【就】【找】【到】【夏】【家】【来】。 【纪】【梦】【梦】【强】【颜】【欢】【笑】：“【我】【就】【是】【知】【道】，【所】【以】，【我】【刚】【才】【已】【经】【说】【了】，【你】【不】【需】【要】【放】【在】【心】【上】，【我】【不】【会】【借】【此】【强】【迫】【你】【娶】【我】。” “【既】【然】，【你】【有】【自】【知】【之】【明】【就】【最】【好】【了】。”【夜】【斯】【骆】【转】【过】【身】，【再】【也】【吝】【啬】【给】【她】【一】【个】【目】【光】：“【不】【过】，【今】【天】【的】【事】【情】，【你】【可】【以】【提】【出】【任】【何】【条】【件】，【我】【都】【会】【答】【应】【你】。” 【纪】【梦】大乐透十二生肖号码表【突】【如】【其】【来】【的】【变】【故】【惊】【到】【了】【南】【江】【河】【畔】【驻】【足】【的】【人】。 【朱】【雀】【雕】【像】【表】【面】【散】【发】【出】【金】【红】【色】【光】【芒】，【好】【似】【燃】【烧】【的】【火】【焰】【一】【般】。 “【朱】【雀】【显】【灵】【了】。” 【众】【人】【惊】【呼】。 【侃】【侃】【而】【谈】【的】【青】【年】【睁】【大】【眼】【睛】【盯】【着】【朱】【雀】【雕】【像】，【再】【三】【揉】【了】【揉】【眼】【睛】【确】【认】【自】【己】【有】【没】【有】【看】【错】。 【他】【之】【前】【说】【的】【那】【些】【话】【一】【部】【分】【是】【真】【的】，【一】【部】【分】【是】【他】【胡】【编】【乱】【造】【的】。 【他】【呆】【若】【木】【鸡】，【喃】
【他】【们】【之】【间】【的】【关】【系】【并】【没】【有】【因】【为】【那】【一】【晚】【变】【得】【明】【朗】【化】，【映】【鸢】【这】【次】【倒】【是】【听】【话】【一】【字】【未】【露】。 【日】【子】【平】【稳】【的】【过】【着】，【洛】【回】【雪】【嘴】【上】【虽】【然】【不】【说】，【却】【极】【为】【欢】【喜】，【越】【发】【喜】【欢】【在】**【阁】【栏】【杆】【边】【待】【着】。 【墨】【子】【修】【花】【了】【不】【少】【的】【心】【思】，【从】**【阁】【栏】【杆】【往】【外】【看】【刚】【好】【能】【看】【见】【那】【一】【片】【幽】【兰】，【那】【晚】【之】【前】【一】【直】【用】【灵】【力】【压】【着】【不】【曾】【得】【见】，【直】【到】【骤】【然】【在】【她】【眼】【前】【绽】【放】【的】【时】【候】【才】
【风】【杉】【老】【祖】【吆】【喝】【着】【众】【人】，【已】【然】【御】【动】【在】【了】【一】【柄】【天】【风】【剑】【上】，【其】【他】【众】【人】【也】【自】【御】【动】【在】【了】【天】【风】【剑】【上】，【准】【备】【离】【开】【此】【地】。 【风】【杉】【老】【祖】【又】【是】【朝】【左】【铭】【和】【霜】【霞】【仙】【子】【看】【了】【一】【看】，【只】【见】【得】【左】【铭】【和】【玉】【无】【瑕】【没】【有】【动】【静】，【风】【杉】【老】【祖】【当】【下】【就】【愣】【住】【了】。 “【玉】【牙】【公】【子】，【霞】【绮】【丝】【姑】【娘】，【沙】【顾】【大】【盗】【来】【了】，【你】【们】【还】【不】【快】【跑】【吗】？”【风】【杉】【老】【祖】【问】【道】。 “【为】【什】【么】【要】【跑】！
【秦】【风】【的】【魔】【体】【之】【中】，【黑】【龙】【强】【大】【的】【神】【魂】，【与】【他】【的】【魔】【魂】，【瞬】【间】【便】【撞】【击】【在】【了】【一】【起】。 【就】【仿】【佛】【是】【有】【着】【一】【个】【超】【级】【武】【器】【轰】【然】【炸】【响】。 【他】【的】【眸】【子】【猩】【红】【到】【了】【极】【致】，【似】【乎】【想】【要】【将】【世】【界】【上】【的】【一】【切】【狠】【狠】【撕】【裂】。 【夏】【子】【涵】【害】【怕】【极】【了】，【她】【站】【起】【身】【来】，【在】【恐】【惧】【的】【支】【配】【之】【下】，【想】【要】【拼】【命】【的】【逃】【跑】。 【但】【是】，【她】【看】【得】【出】【来】，【她】【从】【外】【面】【救】【回】【来】【的】【大】【哥】【哥】，【似】
【登】【记】【员】【脸】【腾】【得】【红】【了】，【手】【护】【住】【自】【己】【某】【个】【部】【位】，【小】【声】【的】【答】，“【我】……【还】【行】。” 【顾】【小】【橙】【突】【然】【觉】【得】【气】【氛】【有】【点】【不】【对】，【急】【忙】【转】【移】【话】【题】，“【呃】…【那】【你】【知】【不】【知】【道】【云】【梧】【夫】【妻】【现】【在】【在】【哪】【里】【呢】？” 【登】【记】【员】【摇】【头】，“【不】【知】【道】，【他】【们】【有】【没】【有】【找】【到】【女】【儿】【都】【没】【人】【知】【道】，【反】【正】【随】【着】【云】【家】【落】【入】【外】【人】【手】【里】，【云】【梧】【夫】【妇】【也】【随】【着】【没】【了】【消】【息】，【他】【们】【那】【个】【女】【儿】【就】【更】